Before the Japanese invasion of Malaya, the Japanese…
The East Coast states of Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan include Titiwangsa mountain range to the west and the South China Sea to the east, this region stretches from the Thai border in the north all the way to Johor in the south. It boasts a rich jungle interior and stunning beaches and islands
The East Coast Region’s climate is tropical and highly seasonal. Temperatures range from 21 to 32 degrees with intermittent rain throughout the year. The monsoon season runs between November and February. Most resorts on the islands shut down during this period and transport links to them are very limited, The best season is April to October.
Kota Bharu in Kelantan was the site of the Japanese landings on December 8th 1941. The British forces in Kelantan, just south of Kota Bharu, were in the unhappy position of having no road communications with southern Malaya. They had to withdraw early in the face of fresh Japanese landings farther south on 10th December. These landings threatened British communications and also the two airfields at Gong Kedah and Machang, south of Kota Bharu. As a result It was decided to abandon these airfields. Once that decision was taken, the principal task of the Kelantan force was gone, and on 12th December orders were issued for the evacuation of Kelantan by the only route, the single-line railway. This operation was successfully completed by the 22nd December.
The East coast was also the scene of the sinking of the Battleship, HMS Prince of Wales and the Battlecruiser, HMS Repulse by Japanese bombers and torpedo bombers off Kuantan.
More information on the East Coast region can be found in the brochure below