Before the Japanese invasion of Malaya, the Japanese…
Kuala Lumpur, muddy capital in Malay, is the federal capital of Malaysia. It is a Federal territory ruled directly by the Malaysian Government. It lies at the confluence of the Klang and Gombak rivers and is surrounded by mountains except to the east. It was founded in 1857 by Chinese tin miners who were keen to exploit the abundant reserves of tin ore in the area. Modern Kuala Lumpur is the economic and business centre of Malaysia and the fastest growing city in the Federation.
Kuala Lumpur’s climate is that of the tropical rainforest, warm and sunny with constant temperatures between 22 and 24degrees abundant rainfall especially during the North East Monsoon between October and March.
Tourism is driven by the city’s cultural diversity, it is the sixth most visited city in the world according to Euromonitor International’s 2010 Top City Destination ranking. It is home to the iconic Petronas Twin Towers the tallest building in the world. Being a relatively young city Kuala Lumpur’s architecture is mainly a mixture of colonial, Asian and modern buildings.
At the time of the Japanese invasion of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur was the headquarters of the 3rd Indian Corps. Early in 1941 part of the recently raised 8th Division of the Australian Infantry Force was assigned to Malaya, a territory of strategic importance to Australia. The headquarters divisional staff arrived on February 18th1941 in advance of the main force, which numbered some 6,000 men, and the divisional headquarters and attached units were posted at Kuala Lumpur. Following the Japanese invasion of Malaya Kuala Lumpur was captured on 11 January 1942. The Japanese established temporary prisoner-of-war camp d at Pudu jail, to which United Kingdom and Commonwealth serviceman were taken before being sent to Changi Camp in Singapore. Those that died while in this camp and were buried in the Cheras Road Cemetery.
Kuala Lumpur remained under occupation until 15th August 1945 when the Commander in Chief of the Japanese 7th Army, General Itagaki surrendered to the British. During the Malayan Emergency, 1948 – 1960 the city was relatively unscathed.
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